Flat Preloader Icon

Welding Cloth Materials: Advantages and Disadvantages

a welder working

Welding cloth is a type of personal protective equipment (PPE) that uses fire-resistant and thermally insulating materials to protect welders from metal splatter and high heat. The American Welding Society issued several recommendations regarding welding and cutting protective clothing in May of 2008. Welding apparel, according to Safety and Health Fact Sheet No. 33, should allow for freedom of movement while covering all areas of exposed skin. Long-sleeved shirts and pants that cover the tops of your boots are recommended. The fabric should be heavy cotton or wool with no holes, tears, or frayed edges. Let’s take a look and explore more on the different materials for welding clothing.

person in blue denim jacket

Welding cloth materials include:

The following are the best materials for welding clothing:

Cotton: Cotton welding clothing offers cost-effective protection from flames, sparks, and molten splash. FR cotton has been chemically treated to be heat resistant. Cotton fabric dresses are a lightweight, breathable alternative to leather. For up to 50 washings, the material remains flame resistant.

Leather: Premium heavy side split cow leather is used to make welding leather clothing. Chrome tanned for softness and durability, as well as resistance to heat, sparks, slag, and cuts. All seams are sewn with Kevlar thread and double lock stitched.

Denim: While not ideal for welding, denim is a thick, rugged material that will protect welders in low-volume, low-intensity operations.

Rubber: Rubber is not commonly used in welding jackets or caps, but it is used in welding chaps, boots, and boot covers.

Synthetic Materials: Synthetic materials are dangerous because they melt and cause severe burns to your skin. Sparks and slag will damage cotton clothing, but cotton will simply smolder.


Benefits of Welding Cloth:

  • To protect against UV radiation, hot metal, sparks, and open flames, welding cloth is made of heavyweight, tightly woven 100% wool or cotton. 

  • To protect the neck, wear long-sleeved shirts with buttoned cuffs and a collar. Light is reflected less when dark colors are used.

  • To prevent sparks from entering high top boots, they must be fully laced. 

  • It prevents sparks from bouncing in the top of the boots by wearing fire-resistant boot protectors or spats strapped around the pant legs and boot tops.

  • It protects the wrists and forearms when worn with gauntlet-style cuff leather gloves or protective sleeves of similar material. 

  • If kept dry, leather is an excellent electrical insulator.

  • When standing or sitting, wearing a leather apron protects one’s chest and lap from sparks.

  • For wearing multiple layers of clothing. It keeps you from sweating and keeps you from overdressing in cold weather.

  • To protect your head from burns and UV radiation, wear a fire-resistant skull cap or balaclava hood under your helmet.

  • A welder’s face shield is useful in protecting your face from UV radiation and flying particles.

Welding Cloth Disadvantages

  • Sweaty clothing allows heat to escape quickly.

  • If you are overdressed, leather welding jackets are not very breathable and can cause you to sweat.

  • For wearing synthetic or synthetic blend clothing. The synthetic fabric can burn quickly, melt, and cause severe skin burns.

Welding Cloth Reminders:

  • Maintain clean clothing that is free of oils, greases, and combustible contaminants.

  • Close shirt pockets with tape or keep them covered with flaps to avoid collecting sparks or hot metal.

  • Pant legs must be cuffed and cover the tops of the boots. Sparks can be collected by cuffs.

  • Mend any frayed edges, tears, or holes in your clothing.

  • Remove all ignition sources from your pockets, including matches and butane lighters.

  • Hot welding sparks may ignite leaking lighter fuel or light the matches.

  • Any spark spray should be directed away from your clothing.

  • Wear no rings or other jewelry.

Types Of Welding Clothes Material: What’s the Best?

welder at work

Choosing the best welding clothes material can be quite tricky. They need to be strong enough for protection and good enough for comfort. Welding jackets, welding aprons, and other welding clothing are items for personal protective equipment (PPE) that should definitely be something a welder should invest in. But what is the best material for welding clothing? Let’s get to know each of them and then decide. 


Welding Clothes Material

Most, if not all, items of welding clothing are designed to be durable and should offer a degree of resistance to electricity. That is why we have flame-retardant or FR welding clothing


The most common material used for welding clothing is leather. Some would use a combination of two kinds of fabric like leather and cotton. Let’s get to know each type. 



Leather is very durable. This is created by the tanning of animal hides of either cows or pigs or also some from deer or elk. It has good thermal and burn-resistance properties. This is why most welding jackets and other clothing out there are made out of leather. The only downside is that it dries considerably over time. 


welder at work


This probably isn’t the best way to start this but cotton is flammable. But, if chemically altered it becomes fire resistant as well. The advantage of using cotton for welding clothing is that it’s more flexible than leather but it is not as durable. You can also go for Sateen – a derivative of cotton. It has a softer feel but the same flame resistance. In welding clothing, cotton is usually paired or mixed with nylon fibers. 



If you need a tight-fitting design that is resistant to splatter, a combination of Aramid and Ryon, two synthetic fibers are what you want for your welding clothing. Aramids are usually used as an alternative for asbestos. Rayon fabrics, on the other hand, are comfortable and durable but non-insulating. It’s the aramid that gives that protection.


Carbon Fiber

Carbon fibers are well known for their resistance to high temperatures when combined with graphite. Welding clothing made out of this material goes through certain processes to make the garment softer or less stiff. 


welder at work


Denim is not exactly the best choice when it comes to welding clothes material. But if the kind of welding job you do is low in volume and intensity, it is thick enough to give you that protection you need. 



Rubber is also used in welding clothing like welding jackets or welding aprons but it’s usually used for welding chaps, welding boots, or boot covers. 


These are the types of welding clothes material. To answer the question “What’s best?,” it boils down to the type of welding job you do and how exposed you are to welding spatter and other hazards. If you’re looking for protection with the comfort of movement, you can use leather and cotton welding clothing. If it’s just welding a small piece of metal at home, you can use denim. The important thing is you know the type of welding clothes material and what type of protection they provide. So the next time you buy that next welding clothing, you are wiser and smarter!

Welding Apron vs Welding Jacket: What’s the Difference?

welding jacket, welding apron

Welding aprons and welding jackets are clothing items of personal protective equipment (PPE) made specifically for welders. This equipment is made of fire-resistant and thermally insulating materials that protect welders from metal splatter, high heat, and radiation that cause painful and unpleasant burns. But, which one is best to use? What are the differences between the two? Which one offers better protection for welding? Read on to find out.

Welding Apron vs Welding Jacket

Overall Things to Know about Welding Aprons and Welding Jackets

Generally, welding aprons are better to use for warmer climates since they tend to be more comfortable when it’s warm because the open-cut doesn’t result in heat build-up. In contrast, jackets are preferred for colder climates. They keep you warm and safe, making it more comfortable. But if the fabric used is too stiff or thick, then this naturally reduces comfort. 


Welding aprons are the best option if the main requirement for the welding project is mobility. It is easier to put on and take off. Welding aprons come in different models, from those with more coverage to half-aprons that protect only the legs. Since these adjustable, they can be used by multiple employees, saving on inventory cost. 

welding apron


Welding jackets are best when you’re doing some overhead or vertical work. Since it’s close to the body, you can’t get easily tangled in the equipment. In addition, jackets have good sealing and integration with other welding equipment like helmets, helmet bibs, and others. Jackets come in different sized so it is not easily transferable from one employee to another. 

welding jacket

Welding Aprons vs Welding Jackets: Main Differences

Perhaps the most significant difference between welding aprons and welding jackets is the coverage they provide. Since a welding apron is similar to a conventional kitchen apron, you get partial coverage at the chest area. There will be no protection for the arm, shoulder, or neck coverage making the apron only suitable for light-duty work. 


However, since your back is exposed when using the welding apron, your arms are open to allow uninhibited mobility and precision work. Also, aprons offer protection for the upper legs and knees. If you’re working with knee-height tasks, aprons are more suitable. 


Welding jackets or coats, on the other hand, provides coverage for the whole upper body.  You get full-on protection from the waist to the neck, this includes coverage for your arms, shoulders, chest, and neck. This, then, is the best option. 


Welding Apron vs Welding Jacket: Which is the Better Safety Option?

Remember, safety comes first. This means all other things like comfort and mobility come in secondary. As a general rule, when welding jackets and welding aprons are made of leather, the jacket is always preferred because it provides full coverage and better integration with other protective equipment. But then, for experienced welders who will only do light-duty work, a welding apron will be enough even if it does not provide full coverage. 


In conclusion, there is no single piece of equipment that is sufficient for all welding scenarios. You’ll need additional Welding PPE for optimal protection.

How to Choose the Best Welding Apron

welding apron

Since burns are one of the most common injuries among welders, welding aprons are a must for pros in the welding profession. A welding apron protects you and your clothing from slag and hot metal that turns up while welding, grinding, or when using a cutting torch. The quality of welding aprons depends on the material used in their construction. Here are important things to know about how to choose the best welding apron for any welding project.


welding apron

How to Choose the Best Welding Apron

The best welding aprons use thick genuine cowhide or pigskin leather

Thick genuine cowhide or pigskin leather is extremely durable and provides a high level of protection. The thicker the material is, the better protection you get. Welding aprons made of thick leather provide you with natural protection against splatters from melting electrodes and sparks from hot metal. Whether these be designed as half aprons or full aprons, what’s important is the material checks out. But since leather can be heavy, check that the leather apron you choose is lightweight. 


If for example, you are looking for more affordable choices compared to the leather-type welding aprons, try looking for high-quality aprons that are made out of flame-retardant cotton that protects you from open flames or very high heat. Just remember that you should never use anything besides cotton, leather, or heavy denim. Do not ever use polyester or plastic-type materials since these can melt into your skin.


welding apron

Make sure the welding apron you choose is comfortable

You won’t go wrong if the welding apron you choose combines comfort and safety. Be sure that the apron fits you well because, like any other piece of clothing, wearing something uncomfortable makes you vulnerable to injuries. Aside from that, check the straps. It is ideal to have straps you can adjust easily to your liking. These should be thick enough to hold the leather material firmly while distributing the weight evenly. Cross straps are the best type of straps for weight distribution.


As to style, there are welding aprons that clip, wrap, or tie at the waist. These provide protection from the waist down. Half-cut aprons offer more mobility and comfort but offer lower protection. If not, you may choose a full welding apron that is much like a chef’s apron for more protection and coverage. Since welders have their own size and build, various apron lengths are available. Just be sure to pick the right cut and style that fits perfectly.


welding apron

Add some protective gear to that welding apron

When it comes to welding, the welder’s tools produce intense heat leading to splatters landing on either work clothes or burning through the skin. This is why it is important to use welding gears along with your welding apron for added protection. Use welding gloves for your hands and welding sleeves for your arms to protect you from hazardous materials.


Waylander Welding Apron

Looking at the factors to consider in buying yourself the best welding apron, Waylander Welding prides itself with different kinds of welding aprons for specific welding jobs guaranteed made out of only the highest quality of cowhide leather.



Leather Welding Clothing and Accessories Every Welder Must Have

leather welding

Every welder needs to dress for safety. No matter what the job, protection is still a top priority. This is the reason why we have welding clothing and protective equipment that are readily available in retail stores and in online shops. While there are several materials that make good welding clothing, leather is proven to be one of the best when it comes to giving maximum protection. Here we give you a list of leather gear or leather welding clothing every welder should have. 

Leather Welding Clothing and accessories, Must-Haves

Leather is the best fabric for most welding clothing. It is known for its properties like thermal and fire resistance, flexibility, and durability. With welders exposed to heat most of the time, this material is perfect to protect them from any kind of mechanical aggression or thermal contact they may encounter while on the job. 

While leather can be very heavy giving lower breathability which can be a bit uncomfortable, the advantages totally outweigh these points. The advantages include long use life, cutting resistance, as mentioned earlier, heat and fire resistance, and it being economic. Here we share a list of leather welding clothing you should start getting for yourself to get that maximum protection while at work.

Leather Welding Jacket

Leather welding jackets are designed to give full protection from the neck down to the waist and the shoulders down to the arms from sparks, heat, and weld spatter. It also provides protection from the intense UV and IR radiation from a welding arc which increases the risk of cancer. 

Leather welding jackets are best to use in cooler climates and heavy-weight weldings like MIG and TIG welding. Read our blog on how to choose the best welding jacket so you can be guided. 

Leather Welding Sleeves 

Leather welding sleeves are the ideal alternative for arm protection most especially when welding jackets become too heavy for the job. It’s also perfect for those who need more arm movement and functionality. These are also much cooler than welding jackets. 

Choose leather sleeves for welding that are made of cowhide split leather that is reinforced with protective Kevlar. Choosing the best welding sleeves can be quite tricky but a welding sleeves buying guide would definitely help. 

welding sleeves

Leather Welding Apron

Leather Welding aprons are especially useful for front body protection. They’re not only used for welding, they’re great for grinding, woodworking, grilling, and even cleaning. There are different types of welding aprons. Here are a few of them. 

Leather waist Welding Apron

This type of apron gives protection for the waist and the upper legs. This is best used for works done on a table or platform. 

leather welding waist apron

Long Welding Apron

The long welding apron goes from the upper torso until the knees. This is most convenient for most metalworking and other activities that need full frontal protection.

Leather Welding Split Leg Apron

Whenever you need to walk and kneel a lot while on the job, a long welding apron will always be in the way. This is when leather split leg aprons become convenient. It basically straps around each leg for more movement. 

leather welding split leg apron

Leather Welding Apron with Sleeves and Pockets

The leather welding apron with sleeves is basically a full-length welding apron that provides protection from the upper chest to below the knees. It already has welding sleeves to give arm protection. Basically, this rare welding clothing gives full coverage for a high degree of safety. 

Leather Welding Cape bolero

The leather welding cape or split leather welding cape with sleeves offers the ultimate protection for the neck, arms, shoulders, and chest. and flexibility. Some leather welding capes come with a detachable apron. This is very efficient if you need sleeves and an apron to make a full-on welding jacket. 

Leather Welding Gloves

Leather welding gloves are one of the most important welding accessories a welder should have. These are protective gear that allows digit articulation while protecting the hands of welders from extreme heat, electrical shocks, or ultraviolet and infrared radiation. 

Whether it’s for MIG, TIG, or stick welding, gloves made out of leather are the best choice. Those made out of Cowhide, for example, is a top choice with the outside layer made of leather goatskin which is proven to have the highest tensile strength for any welding material. If you’re having trouble choosing which gloves are best for what you do, our buying guide will be helpful. 

leather welding gloves

Leather Welding Spats

Leather welding spats are buttoned around the ankle to protect the feet, legs, and, shoes from splatter, cuts, spark, and hear while on the job. Very useful in avoiding burns when performing welding tasks where there are flying sparks and debris. 

leather welding spats


Leather Welding Hood

Another must-have would be a leather welding hood. This is designed to protect the head, eyes, and neck while giving welders the needed movement and flexibility they need as compared to other welding hoods. It’s ergonomic and can allow for welding in close quarters and prevent welding slag to burn the neck and face.

leather welding hood