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Why do Welders Wear a Welding Cap?

welding cap

The welding machine generates hot sparks that could burn your skin. Welding exposes you to physical and chemical dangers and emits dangerous radiation that can hurt your skin.

This headgear decreases the possibility of harm. Take care of your skin, eyes, and even your hair. This post will teach you how to select the best welding headgear.

Personal protective gear includes the welding cap (PPE). Welders wear it as part of their protective apparel against welding machine sparks.

Why do Welders Wear Caps?

Safety and protection

The main purpose is for safety. The cotton fabric is flame resistant. It prevents sparks from causing a fire, which would otherwise burn your hair and skin. Those with long hair can use the flap to protect their hair.

Comfort

The coating on the cap, which conforms to the shape of the head, provides comfort at work. The cloth also absorbs sweat, leaving you dry and comfortable. The cap is also made of breathable material, which allows wind to cool the scalp and ears. This makes working in hot weather much simpler. Wearing a helmet and a protective cap is recommended. The material of the cap serves as a cushion to shield the body from the metal of the helmet. Placing a cap under the helmet makes it immobile and keeps it from slipping.

person fixing machine

Style

The cap has a fashionable design. Although it is not the most significant sub-point, many people use welding hats for fashion reasons. Caps with intriguing prints and patterns are presented by designers.

How to choose the Best Welding Cap

The options are numerous. However, it is best to prioritize the following factors:

Fabric

First and foremost, select the appropriate material for the welding helmet. You will give your head working comfort by selecting 100% cotton. Cotton is incredibly absorbent and keeps sweat away from the skin. Also, cotton is flame-retardant.

Size and adaptability

A hat cannot be too big or too little. Adjusting your cap size is the simplest way to do so.

You may need to wear a different protective headgear depending on the work. You should wear a hat that protects you from all angles.

Welding cap type

You can wear a yarmulke, rag cap, beanie cap, or peaked cap depending on the purpose of the welding headgear.

The shape is the deciding factor here. Beanie hats are designed to suit the skull and ears. You can use a helmet with it, which is pretty common. Thanks to baseball cap and flaps, peaked and rag caps protect a larger amount of your body.

Design

The multi-paneled hat is the best welding cap in this category. Panels are made up of layers of welding caps. The multi-panel cap is designed to fit every form and structure of the head.

 

Winter Welding Apparel Must-Haves

welder working in the winter

Winter in the United States starts in December and lasts through March between fall and spring. This season, it can be challenging to weld because it really gets cold as temperatures can reach as low as 3 °F. This means, aside from your welding PPE or leather welding clothing in place, you need some other welding apparel to give you that extra warmth to protect you from the harsh weather. Here we give you the winter welding apparel you need during this season. 

 

Winter Welding Apparel: What You Need

1 Beanie 

The first thing you need is a high-quality beanie. This is a must-have to keep your head warm. Get one that covers even your ears and one that does not come off easily. If you aren’t that comfortable with a beanie, you can always go for a welding cap. If you want, you can also wear them both. A beanie over that welding cap. Another option for you to get heat and protection is a leather welding hood. 

 

2 Hoodie

Get yourself a comfortable hoodie. The idea is for you to stay as warm as possible. If you wear a pancake for work, wearing a hoodie over that pancake will give you that coverage you need for your head and neck against the cold temperatures. On top of that, you can wear your leather welding jacket. If temperatures get really low and it gets really cold, you can get a heavyweight hoodie instead or wear a vest over that hoodie for more warmth. 

 

3 Facemask 

Some beanies have a built-in facemask. If yours doesn’t, then get a facemask that is most comfortable for you. It helps keep your face warm most especially when it’s windy. 

 

4 Bandana

Wear a bandana on your neck so you are sure to feel warmer while at work. Use a slipknot when you tie it that way you can easily take it off in case it catches on fire. 

 

welder welding in the winter

5 White Cotton Gloves

Bear in mind that you must have welding gloves while welding. These white cotton gloves are just there to use if you are not welding and maybe while on a break. This will constantly give you that warmth you need so your hands aren’t stiff when you start working. If it’s comfortable for you, you can even wear them under your welding gloves as well. Hand warmers are also great to have in your pocket just in case. 

 

6 Thermal underwear

A great piece of apparel you can have is thermal underwear – top and bottom. This can trap the heat in your body so you feel warmer. 

 

7 Coveralls

If in case it gets extremely cold, get yourself a high-quality coverall. You can wear this over your hoodie and welding jacket. This blocks the wind all the more. 

 

8 Feet Warmers

Get some feet warmers and put them on top of your toes to stay warm for at least half a day.

Welding PPE: Head and Hair Protection

welder wearing a welding helmet

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OHSA) states that an estimated 500,000 and more employees are at risk for exposure to the physical and chemical hazards of welding, brazing, and cutting. Welding safety begins with understanding what could go wrong and preparing for it if in case it happens. This is why you’d need to incorporate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for your whole body in any welding project, beginning with having the right welding equipment for head and hair protection. 

Welding PPE for your Head and Hair

As the gateway to your respiratory health and your body’s command center, your head is the most important part of doing your job. Equipment manufacturers have designed PPE to keep welders safe and make things a lot easier and more comfortable when doing the job. Here are a few must-haves.

welder using welding goggles

Safety Glasses/Goggles

Although some welders don’t wear safety glasses underneath their welding hood, approved eye protection like safety glasses or goggles should be worn at all times and should fit properly. They should also be in good condition. It is recommended that safety glasses/goggles should clearly be ANSI 87.1 compliant made of polycarbonate. Prescription safety glasses with side shields are recommended. 

Welding Cap

A welder’s cap protects the head from slag splatter and hot metal. The best ones to use are cotton welding caps or cotton doo-rags. But, a good alternative to this is a baseball cap made of cotton. If you’d like to use a hat, be sure it’s not made of polyester.  If your hair is long, tie it back and tuck it inside your welding jacket for extra protection. 

a welder with a welding shield

Welding Hoods, Helmets, and Shields 

Welding helmets, leather or cotton welding hoods, and welding shields are used when performing different types of welding jobs to protect the eyes, face, and neck from ultraviolet light, sparks, flash burn, infrared light, and heat. Whatever helmet you choose, it should be lightweight, has a sensor bar, a spatter shield, it has adjustability, and parts for replacement are available. 

Welding PPE Auto-Darkening Welding Helmets

The tech used in Auto-Darkening helmets involves electromagnetic detection of the weld. Since magnetic sensors are added to pick up on the magnetic field of the ark, these helmets respond more consistently to protect the welder’s sight. The helmet improves performance when welding on sunny days or in the outdoors. The lens doesn’t darken until an arc is struck, regardless of sunlight. 

Gas Metal-Arc Welding Helmets

Gas metal-arc (MIG) welding requires darker filter lenses because the ultraviolet radiation emitted ranges from 5 to 30 times brighter than welds with covered electrodes. 

welder wearing a welding helmet

Powered Air Purifying Respirators

Since welding produces harmful fumes and gases, it is recommended to wear a filter mask,  a ½ mask respirator, or a powered air-purifying respirator on the job. Aside from removing contaminants, these units help make the environment for welders more comfortable. The flow of air cools the welder’s face. 

 

Other protective equipment for the head includes earplugs for hearing protection and heat stress relief products. Earplugs protect both the welder’s hearing and keep airborne contaminants from entering the ear canal. Heat stress relief products, on the other hand, reduce temperatures under the hood without having to buy a complete respiratory system. 

 

With these technologies in creating PPE, welding can be a lot safer and more comfortable. Most importantly, it prevents welding-related injuries or illnesses. It’s better that welders get the tools they need to make sure they do their jobs every day and that they feel good and safe about doing it.

Leather Welding Clothing and Accessories Every Welder Must Have

leather welding

Every welder needs to dress for safety. No matter what the job, protection is still a top priority. This is the reason why we have welding clothing and protective equipment that are readily available in retail stores and in online shops. While there are several materials that make good welding clothing, leather is proven to be one of the best when it comes to giving maximum protection. Here we give you a list of leather gear or leather welding clothing every welder should have. 

Leather Welding Clothing and accessories, Must-Haves

Leather is the best fabric for most welding clothing. It is known for its properties like thermal and fire resistance, flexibility, and durability. With welders exposed to heat most of the time, this material is perfect to protect them from any kind of mechanical aggression or thermal contact they may encounter while on the job. 

While leather can be very heavy giving lower breathability which can be a bit uncomfortable, the advantages totally outweigh these points. The advantages include long use life, cutting resistance, as mentioned earlier, heat and fire resistance, and it being economic. Here we share a list of leather welding clothing you should start getting for yourself to get that maximum protection while at work.

Leather Welding Jacket

Leather welding jackets are designed to give full protection from the neck down to the waist and the shoulders down to the arms from sparks, heat, and weld spatter. It also provides protection from the intense UV and IR radiation from a welding arc which increases the risk of cancer. 

Leather welding jackets are best to use in cooler climates and heavy-weight weldings like MIG and TIG welding. Read our blog on how to choose the best welding jacket so you can be guided. 

Leather Welding Sleeves 

Leather welding sleeves are the ideal alternative for arm protection most especially when welding jackets become too heavy for the job. It’s also perfect for those who need more arm movement and functionality. These are also much cooler than welding jackets. 

Choose leather sleeves for welding that are made of cowhide split leather that is reinforced with protective Kevlar. Choosing the best welding sleeves can be quite tricky but a welding sleeves buying guide would definitely help. 

welding sleeves

Leather Welding Apron

Leather Welding aprons are especially useful for front body protection. They’re not only used for welding, they’re great for grinding, woodworking, grilling, and even cleaning. There are different types of welding aprons. Here are a few of them. 

Leather waist Welding Apron

This type of apron gives protection for the waist and the upper legs. This is best used for works done on a table or platform. 

leather welding waist apron

Long Welding Apron

The long welding apron goes from the upper torso until the knees. This is most convenient for most metalworking and other activities that need full frontal protection.

Leather Welding Split Leg Apron

Whenever you need to walk and kneel a lot while on the job, a long welding apron will always be in the way. This is when leather split leg aprons become convenient. It basically straps around each leg for more movement. 

leather welding split leg apron

Leather Welding Apron with Sleeves and Pockets

The leather welding apron with sleeves is basically a full-length welding apron that provides protection from the upper chest to below the knees. It already has welding sleeves to give arm protection. Basically, this rare welding clothing gives full coverage for a high degree of safety. 

Leather Welding Cape bolero

The leather welding cape or split leather welding cape with sleeves offers the ultimate protection for the neck, arms, shoulders, and chest. and flexibility. Some leather welding capes come with a detachable apron. This is very efficient if you need sleeves and an apron to make a full-on welding jacket. 

Leather Welding Gloves

Leather welding gloves are one of the most important welding accessories a welder should have. These are protective gear that allows digit articulation while protecting the hands of welders from extreme heat, electrical shocks, or ultraviolet and infrared radiation. 

Whether it’s for MIG, TIG, or stick welding, gloves made out of leather are the best choice. Those made out of Cowhide, for example, is a top choice with the outside layer made of leather goatskin which is proven to have the highest tensile strength for any welding material. If you’re having trouble choosing which gloves are best for what you do, our buying guide will be helpful. 

leather welding gloves

Leather Welding Spats

Leather welding spats are buttoned around the ankle to protect the feet, legs, and, shoes from splatter, cuts, spark, and hear while on the job. Very useful in avoiding burns when performing welding tasks where there are flying sparks and debris. 

leather welding spats

 

Leather Welding Hood

Another must-have would be a leather welding hood. This is designed to protect the head, eyes, and neck while giving welders the needed movement and flexibility they need as compared to other welding hoods. It’s ergonomic and can allow for welding in close quarters and prevent welding slag to burn the neck and face.

leather welding hood